EUSO-Balloon is a prototype of the JEM-EUSO detector planned for the ISS.
On the night of Aug. 24/25 2014 this prototype was flown as the payload of high altitude ballon launched from the Timmins Stratospheric Balloon Facility in Ottawa Canada.
The detector reached float altitude at 38km and collected data for the duration of the planned 4 hour test. The
payload was separated from the balloon at the end of the night. After descending by parachute, the detector landed
in a small lake where it floated until it was retrieved intact later that day.
An aircraft based GLS station, consisting of a
UV laser, UV LED, and UV Xe-Flasher, were operated from a
helicopter that flew under the balloon to test the detector. This GLS generates tracks and flashes
that mimic the optical signatures of high energy cosmic rays.
The Mines team and in collaboration with colleagues from NASA/Marshal Flight Center
and the University of Alabama at Huntsville designed and conducted this complex and succesful
operation. Mines PhD student Johannes Eser and UAH MS student Matt Rodencal flew in the helicopter
to operate the GLS equipment and help the pilots track the balloon. Tracks from the laser and point
flashes from the LED and Xenon flasher were recorded by the balloon detector.
The collaboration is now investigating options for a long duration balloon flight with
the goal of making the first measurement of a cosmic ray extensive air shower by looking down from (near) space.
Notes on the 2014 Campaign:
Mines Engineering Physics majors Ryan Larson, Wesley Naslund, and Guiseppe Pasqualino
designed and prototyped the GLS aircraft laser system through their undergradute senior design project.
Equipment: We used a frequency tripled YAG laser (Quantel/CFR-Ultra).
The 355 nm wavelength is close to the 357 nm nitrogen fluorescence line of cosmic ray air showers. The control
computer was Technologic Systems TS-5500 with a custom GPS timing module.